10 Best Programming languages to Learn in 2021


 The most important skill to learn in today's world is to know how to write computer programs. Today, computers have entered almost every industry. Whether it is an automobile or digital speedometer in an aircraft, computers in different forms surround us. Computers are extremely useful for scaling an organization well. Today the days of pen and paper are gone. Today, you need a computer to store and access your information.

Programming and developer communities are emerging faster than ever. Various new programming languages are coming up which are conducive to different categories of developers (beginners, intermediates and experts) as well as various usage matters (web apps, mobile apps, game development, distributed systems, etc.).

If you want to enter the field of software development, the first and most difficult part of learning programming is to decide where to start. Every beginner is surprised by the question, "What programming language should I learn?"

 There are hundreds of programming languages in extensive use, each of which has its own complexities and uniqueness.

The good news is that as soon as you start your journey as a software developer, you will start knowing which programming language will be best suited to you, your interests and your career goals.

Until a decade ago, only a few were considered cutting-edge programmers who had cutting-edge skills. Now, many IT jobs require a solid understanding of top programming languages – yes, more than one.

If you are trying to move on in your career or change your career completely and master a programming language, you may wonder which one to learn. After all, learning language will take time and money, so you'd like to make the right choice.

When you make decisions, many ideas come up, such as how much difficulty levels you have to learn, the knowledge that you already have, aligned with your existing coding skills, or your reasons for learning a top programming language.

In the list below, I have given information on the best and most sought after programming languages for many of the most common use cases, including web development, mobile development, game development, and more.

1) Python

Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn because of its redebility. It is a free, open source programming language with comprehensive support support modules and community development, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures and GUI-based desktop applications. It is a popular programming language for applications for machine learning and dip learning.

Python is used to develop 2D imaging and 3D animation packages such as Blender, Ink scape, and Autodesk. It has also been used to create popular video games, including Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toytown. Python are used by scientific and computational applications like Free CAD and Abacus and popular websites like YouTube, Quora, Pinterest and Instagram.

Python is a fast, easy-to-use and easily available programming language that is widely used to developer scalable web apps. YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, SurveyMonkey are all built-in pythons. Python offers excellent library support and has a large developer community. Programming language provides a fantastic starting point for beginners.

Django has been used in the development of some popular sites like Mozilla, Instagram, and Spotify. Python developers earn an average annual salary of $72,500.

2) Java

Java is one of the most common in-demand computer programming languages used today.

Owned by Oracle Corporation, this general-purpose programming language, which has an object-oriented structure, has become a standard for applications that can be used regardless of the platform (e.g., Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc.) because of its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) capabilities. As a result, Java are identified for portability across platforms from mainframe data centers to smartphones. Today, more than 3 billion devices manufactured with Java are running.

Java is widely used in web and application development as well as large data. Java is also used on the backend of many popular websites including Google, Amazon, Twitter and YouTube. It is widely used in hundreds of applications. New Java frameworks like Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are also very popular. With millions of Java developers around the world, there are hundreds of ways to learn Java. In addition, Java programmers have a wider online community and support each other to solve problems.

Java is a more complex language to learn, but experienced developers with Java coding skills are in high demand. The average Java developer earns about $79,000 each year.

3) Swift

Swift Apple have languages designed to develop apps for Mac computers and Apple mobile devices including IPhone, iPad and Apple Watch. Like many modern programming languages, Swift has a high readable syntax, code runs quickly, and can be used for both client-side and server-side development.

A few years ago, Swift made it to the top 10 in the monthly TIOBE index rankings of popular programming languages. Apple developed SWIFT for Linux and Mac applications in 2014.

An open-source programming language that is easy to learn, Swift programming language supports almost everything from Objective-C. SWIFT requires less coding skills than other programming languages, and can be used with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix. Swift is also used in popular iOS apps such as WordPress, SoundCloud, Mozilla Firefox and even Flappy Bird games. Prophonels, which develop iOS apps, charge an average annual salary of about $96,000.

To match the realities of modern iOS development, Swift have been adapted for performance and made from the ground. Not only does iOS run on every iPhone and iPad, but it is also the basis of other operating systems such as watchOS (for Apple Watches) and TVOS (for Apple TV). In addition, Apple has retained as a tech industry leader, and iOS app mobile apps are the most profitable in the market.

4) Go

One of the core languages preferred by Google, Go is the small language that could have done. As low-level language, Go is ideal for engineers who want to enter the field of system programming. It incorporates the same functionality of C and C +++ without difficult syntax and vertical learning stages. This is the perfect language for building web servers, data pipelines and even machine-learning packages.

Go was developed by Google in 2007 for API and web apps. Go has recently become one of the fastest growing programming languages due to its simplicity, as well as its ability to handle multicore and network systems and massive codebase.

Go, also known as Golang, was designed to meet the needs of programmers working on large projetes. It has gained popularity among many big IT companies because of its simple and modern structure and familiarity with syntax. Companies that use Go as their programming language include Google, Uber, Twitch, Dropbox, many others. Go are also gaining popularity among data scientists due to their agility and performance.

Go developers can earn an average annual salary of $92,000, and up to $134,000.

5) C and C ++

C is probably the oldest commonly used programming language and is the root of other programming languages like C #, Java and JavaScript. C++is an advanced version of the C. Many developers today stop learning C on their own, while others think that learning C is an important basis for C++ development. Both languages are widely used in computer science and programming.

like C ++ , C # (C Sharp) is a common-purpose, object-oriented language that is created on the foundation of C. It was originally designed by Microsoft as part of its .NET framework for the creation of Windows Applications.

C and C ++ developers can use compilers for a variety of platforms, making the develop applications in these languages largely transportable. Both C and C ++ are considered to be high performing languages. For example, they are widely used to develop applications where performance is an important issue, such as client/client/ client, and a key issue. Business products and video games such as server apps, Firefox and Adobe. C and C ++ developers earn an average of $76,500 each year.

6) PHP

PHP is an open-source programming language created in 1990. Many web developers will need to learn PHP, as this language is used to create more than 80% of websites on the Internet, including people like Facebook and Yahoo.

Programmers mainly use PHP to write server-side scripts. But developers can also use this language to write command-line scripts, and programmers with high-level PHP coding skills can also use it to develop desktop applications.

PHP is considered a relatively easy language to learn to start developers. PHP professionals have many dedicated online communities, making it easier to get support and answers to questions.

On average, PHP programmers earn around $81,500 on average annual salaries.

7) Ruby

If you want to start with a language that is known to be relatively simple to learn, consider Ruby. Developed in the 1990s, it was designed for more human-friendly syntax, while still flexible from the point of view of its object-oriented architecture that supports procedural and functional programming notation.

Ruby is a scripting language commonly used for web development. In particular, it is used as the basis of the popular Ruby on Rails Web Application Framework.

A web-app framework that applies to Ruby is Ruby on Rails ("RoR").) Ruby developers are required to be an easy language to write it and also for relatively short learning times. These features have led to a growing interest in language among a large community of Ruby developers and early developers. The average salary for a Ruby developer is around $90,000 a year.

8) R

R programming languages for Data Analysis and Machine Learning are one of the most commonly used programming languages. R provides an excellent framework and a built-in library to develop powerful machine learning algorithms. R is used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. R has been well adopted by enterprises. Those who want to join the "Analytics" team of a larger organization must definitely learn R.

R is used in the application of statistical analytics and machine learning. R is extensible and runs on many operating systems. Many big companies have adopted R to analyze their huge data sets, so programmers who know R are in great demand.

9) JavaScript

JavaScript is the most popular programming language for building interactive websites; "Virtually everyone is using it". When combined with Node.js, programmers can use JavaScript to produce web content on the server before sending a page to the browser, which can be used to create games and communication applications that run directly in the browser. A wide variety of add-ons also enhances the functionality of JavaScript.

10) Kotlin

Kotlin is a general purpose programming language originally developed and unveiled by JetBrains in 2011 as project Kotlin. The first edition was officially released in 2016. It is interoperable with Java and supports functional languages.

Kotlin is extensively used for Android app, web app, desktop app and server-side app development. Kotlin was designed to be better than Java, and those who use this language are convinced. Most of the Google apps are based on Kotlin. Some companies that use Kotlin as their programming language include many others such as Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates.

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