Nanotechnology: Importance and Its Benefits


 In today's busy life, nanotechnology is found everywhere and it has become an important part of life. If seen, this technique was already in our midst but there was not much research on it and there were not even many resources which are there today. Now science has become so advanced that new types of research are being done and this technology i.e. nanotechnology has got a new direction. It is being said that in the future every technology will be the basis of nanotechnology. Currently, nanotechnology is being used in everything from our everyday needs to medicine and big machinery. Let us study about nanotechnology through this article.

What is nanotechnology?

Nano is a Greek word, which literally means micro, small or dwarf, and nano is a substance made of elements of super-sized shape. That is, this technology is applied science, in which work is done on particles smaller than 100 nanometers. Nanotechnology is the engineering of molecules and atoms, which combines subjects such as physics, chemistry, bio-informatics and bio-technology.

Do you know that with the help of this technology, revolutionary changes can be made in bio science, medical science, electronics etc. as it can make any Vastu light, strong and reliable. This is the reason that this technology is advancing rapidly. With the help of this technology in the engine there is friction, due to which the life of the machines increases and the fuel consumption is reduced.

It would not be wrong to say that nanotechnology is that form of science, due to which machines as small as mobile nails or such machines which can go and operate in small particles inside the body. Hina is surprising but this technology makes it all possible.

How was nanotechnology started

Ideas and concepts behind nanoscience and nanotechnology, physicist Richard Feynman said in a lecture at an American Physical Society meeting at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech) on December 29, 1959, "There's Plenty" of Room at the Bottom ”and this same sentence later became the cornerstone of nanotechnology. In his speech, Feynman also described a process in which scientists would be able to manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules. Richard had a dream of tomorrow coming to his imagination. But then he neither had such modern and capable equipment nor so advanced facilities. It was not as easy for them to play with atoms as we have today. A decade later, in his exploration of state-of-the-art machining, Professor Norio Taniguchi used the term nanotechnology.

The fundamental principles of nanoscience and nanotechnology

are also difficult to imagine how small nanotechnology is. One nanometer is one billion meters, or 1 nano meter = 10-9 meters. Examples are:

- There are 25,400,000 nanometers in an inch.

- A sheet of newspaper is about 100,000 nanometers thick.

- On a comparative scale, if a marble is of one nanometer, one meter will be the size of the earth. Think!

Nanoscience and nanotechnology have the ability to see and control atoms and molecules. Everything on Earth is made up of atoms - whether it is the food that we eat, the clothes we wear, buildings and houses, our bodies etc. But it is impossible to see the atom with the help of eyes. Even the microscope cannot be seen.

The microscope required to see things at the nanoscale was invented about 30 years ago. Nanotechnology was also born along with scanning tunneling microscope (STM) and atomic force microscope (AFM).

Benefits of nanotechnology

With the help of nanotechnology, many such applications can be done by controlling the matter in the nano size which is not possible in normal condition. Materials used in nanotechnology are called nanomaterials.


Some of the uses of this technology are as follows:

- Compost can be made with nanotechnology, which can increase crop production.

- Nanotechnology is already in use in our computers and electronic devices, for example silicon is used to make computer circuits and processors which is a semiconductor.

- In the coming time, this technology will be used in bulbs as well, due to which the consumption of electricity will be less and the light will be more.

- With this, such a micro-medicine can be made, which can identify any one of the millions of cancer cells and treat them separately.

By understanding the molecular assembling of any material in nanotechnology, its size can be made as small as the size of your hair and its processing capacity will be many times better than today.

There will be no such area in the future, which will not use nanotechnology. Technical experts believe that the time will come for nanotechnology.

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